Grades 11-12 | Informative | Text-Dependent
Prompt: Throughout history, groups have attempted to achieve their goals through a variety of methods. The statements below present two different perspectives on how groups of people could achieve their independence from the control of other nations.
Write an essay in which you acknowledge that reasonable people could support either perspective. You must also present a case for one perspective over the other as the most effective method in which a group could achieve independence.
“A revolution is not a dinner party, or writing an essay, or painting a picture, or doing embroidery; it cannot be so refined, so leisurely and gentle, so temperate, kind, courteous, restrained and magnanimous. A revolution is an insurrection, an act of violence by which one class overthrows another.”
- Mao Tse-tung, Communist Chinese revolutionary and leader
“Passive resistance is a method of securing rights by personal suffering, it is the reverse of resistance by arms. This is in essence the principle of nonviolent noncooperation. It follows therefore that it must have its root in love. Its object should not be to punish the opponent or to inflict injury upon him. Even while non-cooperating with him, we must make him feel that in us he has a friend . . . “
- Mohandas Gandhi, leader of the Indian independence movement from British rule