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The Invention Seen Around the World: Learning Standards

Common Core

Informative

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Common Core Standards

http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/W/7/ (Adopted 2010)

 

Grade 7

 

INFORMATIVE ESSAYS

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.2

Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis of relevant content.

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.2.A

Introduce a topic clearly, previewing what is to follow; organize ideas, concepts, and information, using strategies such as definition, classification, comparison/contrast, and cause/effect; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.2.B

Develop the topic with relevant facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples.

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.2.C

Use appropriate transitions to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts.

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.2.D

Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.2.E

Establish and maintain a formal style.

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.2.F

Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation presented.

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.4

Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (Grade-specific expectations for writing types are defined in standards 1-3 above.)

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.5

With some guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on how well purpose and audience have been addressed. (Editing for conventions should demonstrate command of Language standards 1-3 up to and including grade 7 here.)

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.10

Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.

 

Alaska

Informative

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ALASKA

https://education.alaska.gov/standards/  (Adopted 2012)

 

Grade 7

 

Informative Essays

 

Text Types and Purposes

 

Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis of relevant content.

  1. Introduce a topic clearly, previewing what is to follow; organize ideas, concepts, and information, using strategies such as definition, classification, comparison/contrast, and cause/effect; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.

  2. Develop the topic with relevant facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples.

  3. Use appropriate transitions to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts.

  4. Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.

  5. Establish and maintain a formal style.

  6. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation presented.

Production and Distribution of Writing

 

Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.

 

With some guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach. (Editing for conventions should demonstrate command of Language standards 1–3 up to and including grade 7.)

 

Range of Writing

 

Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.

 

Arizona

Informative

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ARIZONA

http://www.azed.gov/standards-practices/englishlanguageartsstandards/ (Adopted 2010)

 

Grade 7

 

Informative Essays

 

Text Types and Purposes

 

  1. Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis of relevant content.

 

  1. Introduce a topic clearly, previewing what is to follow; organize ideas, concepts, and information, using strategies such as definition, classification, comparison/contrast, and cause/effect; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.

  2. Develop the topic with relevant facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples.

  3. Use appropriate transitions to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts.

  4. Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.

  5. Establish and maintain a formal style.

  6. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation presented.(7.W.2)

 

Production and Distribution of Writing

 

  1. Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (Grade-specific expectations for writing types are defined in standards 1–3 above. (7.W.4)

 

  1. With some guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on how well purpose and audience have been addressed. (Editing for conventions should demonstrate command of Language standards 1–3 up to and including grade 7.) (7.W.5)

 

Research to Build and Present Knowledge

 

  1. Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

 

  1. Apply grade 7 Reading standards to literature (e.g., "Compare and contrast a fictional portrayal of a time, place, or character and a historical account of the same period as a means of understanding how authors of fiction use or alter history").

  2. Apply grade 7 Reading standards to literary nonfiction (e.g. "Trace and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and sufficient to support the claims").(7.W.9)


 

Range of Writing

 

  1. Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of tasks, purposes, and audiences. (7.W.10)

 

Indiana

Informative

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INDIANA

http://www.doe.in.gov/standards/englishlanguage-arts  (Adopted 2014)

 

Grade 7


 

Informative Essays

 

 

7.W.3.2

 

Write informative compositions in a variety of forms that –

 

● Introduce a topic clearly, previewing what is to follow; organize ideas, concepts, and information, using strategies such as definition and classification; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.  

 

● Develop the topic with relevant facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples from various sources and texts.  

 

● Use appropriate transitions to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts.

 

● Choose language and content-specific vocabulary that express ideas precisely and concisely, recognizing and eliminating wordiness and redundancy.

 

● Establish and maintain a style appropriate to purpose and audience.

 

● Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation presented.

   

7.W.4

Apply the writing process to –

 

● Plan and develop; draft; revise using appropriate reference materials; rewrite; try a new approach; and edit to produce and strengthen writing that is clear and coherent, with some guidance and support from peers and adults.

 

Nebraska

Informative

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NEBRASKA

http://www.education.ne.gov/AcademicStandards/index.html (Adopted 2014)

 

Grade 7

 

Informative Essays

 

LA 7.2     Writing: Students will learn and apply writing skills and strategies to communicate.


LA 7.2.1  Writing Process: Students will apply the writing process to plan, draft, revise, edit, and publish writing using correct spelling, grammar, punctuation, and other conventions of standard English appropriate for grade-level.

 

LA 7.2     Writing: Students will learn and apply writing skills and strategies to communicate.

 

LA 7.2.1  Writing Process: Students will apply the writing process to plan, draft, revise, edit, and publish writing using correct spelling, grammar, punctuation, and other conventions of standard English appropriate for grade-level.

 

LA 7.2.1.a     Use prewriting activities and inquiry tools to recursively generate ideas, organize information, guide writing, and answer questions.

 

LA 7.2.1.b    Generate a draft that conveys complex ideas through analysis and use of organizational patterns that are suited to the purpose and intended audience, and includes a strong thesis, body, conclusion, and appropriate transitions linked to the purpose of the composition.

 

LA 7.2.1.d    Compose paragraphs with grammatically correct simple, compound, and complex sentences of varying length and complexity.

 

LA 7.2.1.e    Revise to improve and clarify writing through self-monitoring strategies and feedback from others.

 

LA 7.2.1.g    Adjust writing processes to persevere in short and long-term writing tasks of increasing length and complexity.

 

LA 7.2.1.h    Proofread and edit writing recursively for format and conventions of standard English (e.g., spelling, capitalization, grammar, punctuation, syntax, semantics).

 

LA 7.2.1.i    Display academic honesty and integrity by avoiding plagiarism and/or overreliance on any one source and by following a standard format for citation.

 

Oklahoma

Informative

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OKLAHOMA

http://ok.gov/sde/oklahoma-academic-standards#OC3ELA  (Adopted 2014)

 

Grade 7

 

Informative Essays

 

Standard 1: writing process. The student will use the writing process to write coherently.

 

1. Use a writing process to develop composition skills. Students are expected to use prewriting strategies, write and revise multiple drafts, edit, and share their compositions.

2. Use details, examples, reasons, and evidence to develop an idea.

3. Use spatial, chronological, and climactic organizational patterns as appropriate to purpose.

4. Use effective transitions between sentences and paragraphs.

5. Use precise word choices, including figurative language, that convey specific meaning and tone.

6. Use a variety of sentence structures, types, and lengths to contribute to fluency and interest.

7. Edit for errors in Standard English usage, sentence structure, mechanics, and spelling.

8. Publish and present writing to peers and adults.

 

*Standard 2: Modes and Forms of Writing. The student will write for a variety of purposes and audiences using narrative, descriptive, expository, persuasive, and reflective modes. At Grade 7, write narrative, expository, persuasive, argumentative, reflective, and descriptive modes of at least 500 to 750 words. Introduce biographical and autobiographical narratives and write summaries of grade-level-appropriate reading material. The writing demonstrates a command of Standard English and the research, organization, and drafting strategies outlined in the writing process as well as an awareness of the audience (intended reader) and purpose for writing.

 

2. Compose expository text to include research reports that:

a. state the thesis and include relevant and focused questions about the topic.

b. communicate clear and accurate perspectives on the subject.

c. include paraphased evidence and supporting details compiled through the formal research process, including use of a library catalog, , magazines, newspapers, dictionaries, online sources, and other reference materials.

 

4. Compose reflective papers that accomplish one of the purposes:

a. express the individual's insight into conditions or situations.

b. compare a scene from a work of fiction with a lesson learned from experience.

5. Write responses to literature, including poetry, that:

a. develop interpretations that show careful reading, understanding, and insight.

b. organize the interpretation around several clear ideas, premises, or images for the literary work.

c. justify interpretation through sustained use of examples and evidence from the text. Example: After reading folk tales from the United States and other countries, write a response to the narratives. Identify the beliefs and values that are highlighted in each folk tale, and develop a theory to explain why similar tales appear in many different cultures.

 

6. Compose summaries of reading material that:

a. include the main ideas and most significant details.

b. use the student's own words, except for quotations.

c. reflect underlying meaning, not just the superficial details. Example: Demonstrate comprehension of the main idea and details of a subject-specific text and write a summary of a text read from another content area. Make the summary clear enough that it would provide another student with the important information from the chapter.

 

7. Write for different purposes and to a specific audience or person, adjusting tone and style as necessary to make writing interesting.

 

Example: Write stories and reports showing a variety of word choices, or review a favorite book or film.

 

9. Use appropriate essay test-taking and time-writing strategies that:

a. address and analyze the question (prompt).

b. use organizational methods required by the prompt.

c. utilize an editing checklist or assessment rubric, if provided.

Pennsylvania

Informative

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PENNSYLVANIA CORE STANDARDS

http://www.pdesas.org/standard/PACore (Amended 2014)

 

Grade 7

 

Informative Essays

 

1.4  Writing - Students write for different purposes and audiences. Students write clear and focused text to convey a well-defined perspective and appropriate content.

 

CC.1.4.7.A

Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information clearly.

 

CC.1.4.7.B

Identify and introduce the topic clearly, including a preview of what is to follow.

 

CC.1.4.7.C

Develop and analyze the topic with relevant facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples; include graphics and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.

 

CC.1.4.7.D

Organize ideas, concepts, and information using strategies such as definition, classification, comparison/contrast, and cause/effect; use appropriate transitions to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts; provide a concluding statement or section; include formatting when useful to aiding comprehension.

 

CC.1.4.7.E

Write with an awareness of the stylistic aspects of composition.

  • Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.

  • Use sentences of varying lengths and complexities.

  • Develop and maintain a consistent voice.

  • Establish and maintain a formal style.

 

CC.1.4.7.F

Demonstrate a grade-appropriate command of the conventions of standard English grammar, usage, capitalization, punctuation, and spelling.

 

CC.1.4.7.S

Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research, applying grade-level reading standards for literature and literary nonfiction.

 

CC.1.4.7.T

With some guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on how well purpose and audience have been addressed.

 

CC.1.4.7.X

Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.

 

South Carolina

Informative

SOUTH CAROLINA

http://ed.sc.gov/instruction/standards-learning/english-language-arts/standards/  (Adopted 2015)

 

Grade 7


 

Informative Essays

 

Fundamentals of Writing

Employ a recursive writing process that includes planning, drafting, revising, editing, rewriting, publishing, and reflecting.

Interact and collaborate with peers and adults to develop and strengthen writing.

Produce writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, discipline, and audience.

Use clear and coherent written language to accomplish a purpose such as learning, enjoyment, argument, and the exchange of information.

Monitor progress throughout the writing process and adjust strategies as needed from independence to collaboration within a writing community.

 

Standard 2: Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.

 

2.1 Write informative/explanatory texts that:

 

a. introduce a topic clearly, previewing what is to follow;

b. use relevant information from multiple print and multimedia sources;

c. use definition, classification, comparison/contrast, and cause/effect structures to organize ideas, concepts, and information;

d. use credible sources;  

f. develop the topic with relevant facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples;

g. develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting;

h. paraphrase, quote, and summarize to avoid plagiarism;

j. use appropriate transitions to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts;

k. use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform or explain the topic;

l. establish and maintain a style and tone authentic to the purpose;

m. provide a concluding statement or section that follows and supports the information or explanation presented.

 

Standard 6: Write independently, legibly, and routinely for a variety of tasks, purposes, and audiences over short and extended time frames.

 

6.1 Write routinely and persevere in writing tasks over short and extended time frames, for a range of domain specific tasks, and for a variety of purposes and audiences.

 

Texas

Informative

TEXAS ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS (TEKS)

http://tea.texas.gov/curriculum/teks/ (Amended 2010)

 

Grade 7

 

Informative Essays

 

(14)  Writing/Writing Process. Students use elements of the writing process (planning, drafting, revising, editing, and publishing) to compose text. Students are expected to:

(A)  plan a first draft by selecting a genre appropriate for conveying the intended meaning to an audience, determining appropriate topics through a range of strategies (e.g., discussion, background reading, personal interests, interviews), and developing a thesis or controlling idea;

(B)  develop drafts by choosing an appropriate organizational strategy (e.g., sequence of events, cause-effect, compare-contrast) and building on ideas to create a focused, organized, and coherent piece of writing;

(C)  revise drafts to ensure precise word choice and vivid images; consistent point of view; use of simple, compound, and complex sentences; internal and external coherence; and the use of effective transitions after rethinking how well questions of purpose, audience, and genre have been addressed;

(D)  edit drafts for grammar, mechanics, and spelling; and

(E)  revise final draft in response to feedback from peers and teacher and publish written work for appropriate audiences.

 

(17)  Writing/Expository and Procedural Texts. Students write expository and procedural or work-related texts to communicate ideas and information to specific audiences for specific purposes. Students are expected to:

(A)  write a multi-paragraph essay to convey information about a topic that:

(i)  presents effective introductions and concluding paragraphs;

(ii)  contains a clearly stated purpose or controlling idea;

(iii)  is logically organized with appropriate facts and details and includes no extraneous information or inconsistencies;

(iv)  accurately synthesizes ideas from several sources; and

(v)  uses a variety of sentence structures, rhetorical devices, and transitions to link paragraphs;

(B)  write a letter that reflects an opinion, registers a complaint, or requests information in a business or friendly context;

(C)  write responses to literary or expository texts that demonstrate the writing skills for multi-paragraph essays and provide sustained evidence from the text using quotations when appropriate;


 

Virginia

Informative

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VIRGINIA ELA STANDARDS AND SKILLS

http://www.doe.virginia.gov (Adopted 2010)

 

Grade 7

 

Informative Essays

 

  1.  The student will write in a variety of forms with an emphasis on exposition, narration, and persuasion.

 

a)    Identify intended audience.

b)    Use a variety of prewriting strategies including graphic organizers to generate and organize ideas.

c)    Organize writing structure to fit mode or topic.    

d)    Establish a central idea and organization.    

e)    Compose a topic sentence or thesis statement.     

f)    Write multi-paragraph compositions with unity elaborating the central idea.    

g)    Select vocabulary and information to enhance the central idea, tone, and voice.

h)    Expand and embed ideas by using modifiers, standard coordination, and subordination in complete sentences.

i)    Use clauses and phrases for sentence variety.

j)    Revise sentences for clarity of content including specific vocabulary and information.

k)    Use computer technology to plan, draft, revise, edit, and publish writing.

 

To be successful with this standard, students are expected to:

  • identify intended audience and purpose.

  • use a variety of prewriting strategies including:

    • brainstorming;
    • webbing;
    • mapping;
    • outlining;
    • clustering;
    • listing; and
    • using graphic organizers.
  • explain, analyze, or summarize a topic.

  • write an effective thesis statement focusing, limiting, or narrowing the topic.

  • differentiate between a thesis statement and a topic sentence.

  • choose an appropriate strategy for organizing ideas such as comparison/contrast, personal narrative, cause/effect, etc., and  provide transitions between ideas.

  • create multi-paragraph compositions focusing on a central idea and using elaborating details, reasons, or examples as appropriate for audience and purpose.

  • include an appropriate introduction and satisfying conclusion.

  • sustain a formal style.

  • use written expression to draft and revise compositions with attention to:

    • voice;
    • tone;
    • selection of information;
    • embedded phrases and clauses that clarify meaning;
    • vivid and precise vocabulary;
    • figurative language; and
    • sentence variety.
  • recognize terms illustrative of tone, such as, but not limited to:

    • serious;
    • sarcastic;
    • objective;
    • enthusiastic;
    • solemn;
    • humorous;
    • hostile;
    • personal; and
    • impersonal.
  • apply revising procedures in peer and self-review, including:

    • rereading;
    • reflecting;
    • rethinking; and
    • rewriting.

 

  • use available computer technology to assist throughout the writing process.

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