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12th Grade

 

 

Informative

VIRGINIA ELA STANDARDS AND SKILLS

http://www.doe.virginia.gov (Adopted 2010)

 

Grade 12

 

Informative Essays

 

12.6    The student will develop expository and informational, analyses, and persuasive/argumentative writings.

 

a)    Generate, gather, and organize ideas for writing to address a specific audience and purpose.

b)    Produce arguments in writing that develop a thesis to demonstrate knowledgeable judgments, address counterclaims, and provide         effective conclusions.

c)    Clarify and defend a position with precise and relevant evidence.

d)    Adapt content, vocabulary, voice, and tone to audience, purpose, and situation.

e)    Use a variety of rhetorical strategies to accomplish a specific purpose.

f)    Create arguments free of errors in logic and externally supported.

g)    Revise writing for clarity of content, depth of information and technique of presentation.

h)    Use computer technology to plan, draft, revise, edit, and publish writing.

 

To be successful with this standard, students are expected to:

  • develop expository writings that:

    • explain their ideas through a clear general statement of the writer’s point (thesis);
    • use specific evidence and illustrations; and
    • provide concise and accurate information.
  • develop analytical essays that do one or more of the following:

    • examine a process;
    • make a comparison;
    • propose solutions;
    • classify;
    • define;
    • show cause and effect;
    • illustrate problems; and
    • evaluate.
  • use a range of strategies to elaborate and persuade, such as:

    • descriptions;
    • anecdotes;
    • case studies,
    • analogies; and
    • illustrations.
  • provide a clear and effective conclusion.

  • develop a thesis that demonstrates clear and knowledgeable judgments.

  • clarify and defend positions with precise and relevant evidence, including facts, expert opinions, quotations and/logical reasoning.

  • strategically focus paragraphs by using a variety of techniques.

  • use transition words and phrases to signal progression of ideas within and between paragraphs, and use appropriate words and phrases to signal organizational patterns (e.g., description, question-answer, compare-contrast, problem-solution, cause and effect). 

  • use words, phrases, and clauses to link the major sections of the text.

  • create cohesion, and clarify the relationships between claim(s) and reasons, between reasons and evidence, and between claim(s) and counterclaims.

  • elaborate for clarity and accuracy developing the topic fully with significant and relevant facts, extended definitions, concrete details, and important quotations.

  • develop ideas in a logical sequence.

  • establish and maintain a style and tone.

  • apply persuasive rhetorical devices and techniques including rhetorical questioning, parallel structuring, metaphor, imagery, figures of speech, alliterative expressions, etc., when appropriate.

  • recognize and avoid common logical fallacies or false premises.

  • revise writing to provide depth of information and to adhere to presentation format.

  • use computer technology as available to edit writing before submitting the final copy.

 

Narrative

VIRGINIA ELA STANDARDS AND SKILLS

http://www.doe.virginia.gov (Adopted 2010)

 

Grade 12

 

Narrative Essays

 

12.6    The student will develop expository and informational, analyses, and persuasive/argumentative writings.

 

a)    Generate, gather, and organize ideas for writing to address a specific audience and purpose.

b)    Produce arguments in writing that develop a thesis to demonstrate knowledgeable judgments, address counterclaims, and provide         effective conclusions.

c)    Clarify and defend a position with precise and relevant evidence.

d)    Adapt content, vocabulary, voice, and tone to audience, purpose, and situation.

e)    Use a variety of rhetorical strategies to accomplish a specific purpose.

f)    Create arguments free of errors in logic and externally supported.

g)    Revise writing for clarity of content, depth of information and technique of presentation.

h)    Use computer technology to plan, draft, revise, edit, and publish writing.

 

To be successful with this standard, students are expected to:

  • develop analytical essays that do one or more of the following:

  • examine a process;

  • make a comparison;

  • propose solutions;

  • classify;

  • define;

  • show cause and effect;

  • illustrate problems; and

  • evaluate.

 

  • use a range of strategies to elaborate and persuade, such as:

  • descriptions;

  • anecdotes;

  • case studies,

  • analogies; and

  • illustrations.

  • provide a clear and effective conclusion.

  • strategically focus paragraphs by using a variety of techniques.

  • use transition words and phrases to signal progression of ideas within and between paragraphs, and use appropriate words and phrases to signal organizational patterns (e.g., description, question-answer, compare-contrast, problem-solution, cause and effect).  

  • use words, phrases, and clauses to link the major sections of the text.

  • elaborate for clarity and accuracy developing the topic fully with significant and relevant facts, extended definitions, concrete details, and important quotations.

  • develop ideas in a logical sequence.

  • establish and maintain a style and tone.

  • apply persuasive rhetorical devices and techniques including rhetorical questioning, parallel structuring, metaphor, imagery, figures of speech, alliterative expressions, etc., when appropriate.

  • revise writing to provide depth of information and to adhere to presentation format.

  • use computer technology as available to edit writing before submitting the final copy.

 

Persuasive

VIRGINIA ELA STANDARDS AND SKILLS

http://www.doe.virginia.gov (Adopted 2010)

 

Grade 12

 

Persuasive Essays

 

12.6    The student will develop expository and informational, analyses, and persuasive/argumentative writings.

 

  1. Generate, gather, and organize ideas for writing to address a specific audience and purpose.

  2. Produce arguments in writing that develop a thesis to demonstrate knowledgeable judgments, address counterclaims, and provide effective conclusions.

  3. Clarify and defend a position with precise and relevant evidence.

  4. Adapt content, vocabulary, voice, and tone to audience, purpose, and situation.

  5. Use a variety of rhetorical strategies to accomplish a specific purpose.

  6. Create arguments free of errors in logic and externally supported.

  7. Revise writing for clarity of content, depth of information and technique of presentation.

h)    Use computer technology to plan, draft, revise, edit, and publish writing.

 

To be successful with this standard, students are expected to:

 

  • construct arguments that:

    • introduce precise, substantive claims;

    • establish the significance of the claims;

    • distinguish them from opposing claims; and

    • sequence information logically (e.g., problem-solution, cause and effect).

 

  • use a range of strategies to elaborate and persuade, such as:

  • descriptions;

  • anecdotes;

  • case studies,

  • analogies;

 

  • develop claim(s) and counterclaims thoroughly, supplying the most relevant data and evidence for each while pointing out the strengths and limitations of both.

  • provide a clear and effective conclusion.

  • clarify and defend positions with precise and relevant evidence, including facts, expert opinions, quotations and/logical reasoning.

  • strategically focus paragraphs by using a variety of techniques.

  • use transition words and phrases to signal progression of ideas within and between paragraphs, and use appropriate words and phrases to signal organizational patterns (e.g., description, question-answer, compare-contrast, problem-solution, cause and effect).  

  • use words, phrases, and clauses to link the major sections of the text.

  • create cohesion, and clarify the relationships between claim(s) and reasons, between reasons and evidence, and between claim(s) and counterclaims.

  • elaborate for clarity and accuracy developing the topic fully with significant and relevant facts, extended definitions, concrete details, and important quotations.

  • develop ideas in a logical sequence.

  • establish and maintain a style and tone.

  • apply persuasive rhetorical devices and techniques including rhetorical questioning, parallel structuring, metaphor, imagery, figures of speech, alliterative expressions, etc., when appropriate.

  • recognize and avoid common logical fallacies or false premises.

  • revise writing to provide depth of information and to adhere to presentation format.

  • use computer technology as available to edit writing before submitting the final copy.

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Last modified
20:53, 28 Dec 2015

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