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8th Grade

 

 

Informative

VIRGINIA ELA STANDARDS AND SKILLS

http://www.doe.virginia.gov (Adopted 2010)

 

Grade 8

 

Informative Essays

 

8.7 The student will write in a variety of forms, including narration, exposition,

persuasion, and informational.

 

a) Identify intended audience.

b) Use prewriting strategies to generate and organize ideas.

c) Distinguish between a thesis statement and a topic sentence.

d) Organize details to elaborate the central idea and provide unity.

e) Select specific vocabulary and information for audience and purpose.

f)  Use interview quotations as evidence.

g) Revise writing for clarity of content, word choice, sentence variety, and

transitions among paragraphs.

h) Use computer technology to plan, draft, revise, edit, and publish writing.

 

To be successful with this standard, students are expected to:

  • write in a variety of forms, including:

    • expositorywriting to explain and build a body of well-organized and understandable information;
    • informationalwriting to put forth information, frequently used in textbooks and the news media.
  • use a variety of prewriting strategies, for example:

    • brainstorming;
    • webbing;
    • mapping;
    • outlining;
    • clustering;
    • listing; and
    • using graphic organizers.
  • use written expression to explain, analyze, or summarize a topic with attention to:

    • purpose and audience;
    • a central or controlling idea;
    • voice;
    • tone (such as serious, sarcastic, objective, enthusiastic, solemn, humorous, hostile, personal, impersonal);
    • coherent selection of information and details;
    • embedded phrases and clauses that clarify meaning and increase variety;
    • vivid and precise vocabulary;
    • figurative language;
    • sentence variety; and
    • transitional words and phrases.
  • apply revising procedures, including:

    • rereading;
    • reflecting;
    • rethinking;
    • rewriting;
    • including vivid vocabulary;
    • combining sentences for variety and rhythm; and
    • providing transitions between ideas and paragraphs.
  • create a thesis statement that focuses the essay, expresses the writer’s position in an argument, or explains the purpose of the essay, and is usually found in the first paragraph.

  • elaborate the central idea,  providing sustained unity throughout the writing.

  • choose language that expresses ideas precisely and concisely, recognizing and eliminating wordiness and redundancy.

  • use appropriate and varied transitions to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts.

  • sustain a formal style.

  • develop a conclusion.

 

Narrative

 

VIRGINIA ELA STANDARDS AND SKILLS

http://www.doe.virginia.gov (Adopted 2010)

 

Grade 8

 

Narrative Essays

 

8.7 The student will write in a variety of forms, including narration, exposition, persuasion, and informational.

 

a) Identify intended audience.

b) Use prewriting strategies to generate and organize ideas.

c) Distinguish between a thesis statement and a topic sentence.

d) Organize details to elaborate the central idea and provide unity.

e) Select specific vocabulary and information for audience and purpose.

f)  Use interview quotations as evidence.

g) Revise writing for clarity of content, word choice, sentence variety, and transitions among paragraphs.

h) Use computer technology to plan, draft, revise, edit, and publish writing.

 

To be successful with this standard, students are expected to:

  • write in a variety of forms, including:

    • narrative – writing to tell a story;
  • develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective techniques, relevant descriptive details, and well-structured event sequences when writing narratives.

  • engage and orient the reader by establishing a context and introducing a narrator and/or characters.

  • organize an event sequence that unfolds naturally and logically.

  • use narrative techniques, such as dialogue, pacing, and description, to develop experiences, events, and/or characters.

 

Persuasive

 

VIRGINIA ELA STANDARDS AND SKILLS

http://www.doe.virginia.gov (Adopted 2010)

 

Grade 8

 

Persuasive Essays

 

8.7 The student will write in a variety of forms, including narration, exposition, persuasion, and informational.

 

a) Identify intended audience.

b) Use prewriting strategies to generate and organize ideas.

c) Distinguish between a thesis statement and a topic sentence.

d) Organize details to elaborate the central idea and provide unity.

e) Select specific vocabulary and information for audience and purpose.

f)  Use interview quotations as evidence.

g) Revise writing for clarity of content, word choice, sentence variety, and transitions among paragraphs.

h) Use computer technology to plan, draft, revise, edit, and publish writing.

 

To be successful with this standard, students are expected to:

  • write in a variety of forms, including:

    • persuasivewriting to influence the reader or listener to believe or do as the author or speaker suggests; and
  • use a variety of prewriting strategies, for example:

    • brainstorming;
    • webbing;
    • mapping;
    • outlining;
    • clustering;
    • listing; and
    • using graphic organizers.
  • use written expression to explain, analyze, or summarize a topic with attention to:

    • purpose and audience;
    • a central or controlling idea;
    • voice;
    • tone (such as serious, sarcastic, objective, enthusiastic, solemn, humorous, hostile, personal, impersonal);
    • coherent selection of information and details;
    • embedded phrases and clauses that clarify meaning and increase variety;
    • vivid and precise vocabulary;
    • figurative language;
    • sentence variety; and
    • transitional words and phrases.
  • apply revising procedures, including:

    • rereading;
    • reflecting;
    • rethinking;
    • rewriting;
    • including vivid vocabulary;
    • combining sentences for variety and rhythm; and
    • providing transitions between ideas and paragraphs.
  • create a thesis statement that focuses the essay, expresses the writer’s position in an argument, or explains the purpose of the essay, and is usually found in the first paragraph.

  • elaborate the central idea,  providing sustained unity throughout the writing.

  • choose language that expresses ideas precisely and concisely, recognizing and eliminating wordiness and redundancy.

  • use appropriate and varied transitions to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts.

  • sustain a formal style.

  • develop a conclusion.


 

 


 

 


 

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Last modified
20:53, 28 Dec 2015

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