Troubleshooting connectivity issues with Moodle Direct V2

In this guide:

Test the Turnitin connection

You can test Moodle's connection with Turnitin to see if both sides are communicating without issue. By using the Test Turnitin Connection link, Moodle will try to access Turnitin. If Moodle successfully connects to Turnitin, a green box will appear telling you Moodle successfully connected with Turnitin. If you receive an error message please check the configuration data that was entered and fix any errors.

  1. Go to Site administration and choose the Plugins tab.
  2. Select the Plugins overview link.
  3. Under Activity Modules, find Turnitin Assignment 2 (this is the Moodle Direct V2 plugin). Select the Settings link.
  4. To check the communication with Turnitin, select the Test Turnitin Connection link.

Show the data dump

The Show Data Dump and Save Data Dump tabs are useful for troubleshooting and may be referred to by Turnitin support. The Data dump tracks all Moodle communication with Turnitin. For example, the name and dates of each Turnitin assignment that was created within a course.


Unlink users

The Unlink Users tab can be used to reset links between Turnitin accounts and Moodle accounts.


Check the CA certificate

If you encounter connectivity issues while using the Turnitin Moodle Direct integration (error: Turnitin API Base URL incorrect or unavailable, or error: Double check your API URL setting) this could be related to a CA certificate being unavailable to cURL. Enabling diagnostics mode in the Turnitin plugin and viewing the Turnitin comms logs will identify if this is the case.

The Moodle Direct plugin uses the server operating system's implementation of cURL. If cURL has an out of date (or no) CA certificates, the interaction with Turnitin will fail due to cURL performing peer SSL certificate verification and not being able to verify the Turnitin SSL certificate.

Until cURL 7.18.0 some CA certificates were provided, but after 7.18.0 no CA certificates have been provided at all. Because of this, the Moodle server administrator would need to ensure that an up to date CA certificate bundle is used.

For Debian and RedHat-based distributions

CA certificates are distributed in the ca-certificates package. Gentoo servers provide them via the app-misc/ca-certificates ebuild. It's also a good idea to make sure that the OpenSSL libraries (libssl) and cURL libraries (libcurl) are up-to-date on your server.

You will also need to place a file with the Bundle of CA Root Certificates (downloadable from on your webserver and make a curl.cainfo reference to this file in your php.ini.

For Windows-based servers

Please see point 4 within the link below which describes where to put/how to name the CA certificate bundle.

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